Helpful to anyone interested in a deeper understanding of psychological distress.

LOSING OUR MINDS

THE CHALLENGE OF DEFINING MENTAL ILLNESS

A potent examination of mental illness and its understanding "in the research world and in society at large."

British academic psychologist Foulkes addresses readers with a mix of pedagogical and colloquial language. “We know mental illness exists,” she writes, “we know it’s widespread, but few people really know what any of this means.” The author dismantles misperceptions while sharing her thoroughly researched opinions of matters related, primarily, to depression and anxiety, and she poses questions that she seeks to answer: “What are the core deficits or issues that are familiar across many different mental illnesses?”; “What happens outside the body that increases our risk of mental illness?”; “What impact does social media really have on mental health?” Foulkes credits Dutch psychologist Denny Borsboom’s network theory of mental disorders as being “the best explanation of what mental illness really ‘is.’ ” It suggests that biological, psychological, and environmental components affect one another; eventually, this web can become self-sustaining, even after a trigger has disappeared. Not only does Foulkes relay studies, she casts through them with direct summations: “If you’re ever going to develop a mental illness, more likely than not, it will start in your adolescent years.” In opposition to simplistic, alarmist headlines about social media causing depression in adolescents, the author looks at longitudinal studies of not just how much time people spend on apps, but also how they use them and the ensuing underlying psychological behaviors. “I think part of the reason that social media has been so demonized boils down to one truth: it’s new,” she writes. Foulkes also integrates reports of current events and published personal accounts of mental suffering and healing to take aim at pop-culture language used in conversation around mental illness. Foulkes is a compassionate, rational guide through modern-day mental issues that are neither easily categorized nor treated. “Time,” she writes, “teaches that recovery is not linear.”

Helpful to anyone interested in a deeper understanding of psychological distress.

Pub Date: Jan. 25, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-250-27417-5

Page Count: 272

Publisher: St. Martin's

Review Posted Online: Nov. 30, 2021

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Dec. 15, 2021

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If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

THE 48 LAWS OF POWER

The authors have created a sort of anti-Book of Virtues in this encyclopedic compendium of the ways and means of power.

Everyone wants power and everyone is in a constant duplicitous game to gain more power at the expense of others, according to Greene, a screenwriter and former editor at Esquire (Elffers, a book packager, designed the volume, with its attractive marginalia). We live today as courtiers once did in royal courts: we must appear civil while attempting to crush all those around us. This power game can be played well or poorly, and in these 48 laws culled from the history and wisdom of the world’s greatest power players are the rules that must be followed to win. These laws boil down to being as ruthless, selfish, manipulative, and deceitful as possible. Each law, however, gets its own chapter: “Conceal Your Intentions,” “Always Say Less Than Necessary,” “Pose as a Friend, Work as a Spy,” and so on. Each chapter is conveniently broken down into sections on what happened to those who transgressed or observed the particular law, the key elements in this law, and ways to defensively reverse this law when it’s used against you. Quotations in the margins amplify the lesson being taught. While compelling in the way an auto accident might be, the book is simply nonsense. Rules often contradict each other. We are told, for instance, to “be conspicuous at all cost,” then told to “behave like others.” More seriously, Greene never really defines “power,” and he merely asserts, rather than offers evidence for, the Hobbesian world of all against all in which he insists we live. The world may be like this at times, but often it isn’t. To ask why this is so would be a far more useful project.

If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

Pub Date: Sept. 1, 1998

ISBN: 0-670-88146-5

Page Count: 430

Publisher: Viking

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 1998

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A refreshing celebrity memoir focused not strictly on the self but on a much larger horizon.

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WILL

One of Hollywood’s biggest stars delivers a memoir of success won through endless, relentless work and self-reckoning.

“My imagination is my gift, and when it merges with my work ethic, I can make money rain from the heavens.” So writes Smith, whose imagination is indeed a thing of wonder—a means of coping with fear, an abusive father with the heart of a drill instructor, and all manner of inner yearnings. The author’s imagination took him from a job bagging ice in Philadelphia to initial success as a partner in the Grammy-winning rap act DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince. Smith was propelled into stardom thanks to the ministrations of Quincy Jones, who arranged an audition in the middle of his own birthday party, bellowing “No paralysis through analysis!” when Smith begged for time to prepare. The mantra—which Jones intoned 50-odd times during the two hours it took for the Hollywood suits to draw up a contract for the hit comedy series The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air—is telling, for hidden within this memoir lies a powerful self-help book. For Smith, all of life is a challenge in which one’s feelings are largely immaterial. “I watched my father’s negative emotions seize control of his ample intellect and cause him over and over again to destroy beautiful parts of our family,” he writes, good reason for him to sublimate negativity in the drive to get what he wanted—money, at first, and lots of it, which got him in trouble with the IRS in the early 1990s. Smith, having developed a self-image that cast him as a coward, opines that one’s best life is lived by facing up to the things that hold us back. “I’ve been making a conscious effort to attack all the things that I’m scared of,” he writes, adding, “And this is scary.” It’s a good lesson for any aspiring creative to ponder—though it helps to have Smith’s abundant talent, too.

A refreshing celebrity memoir focused not strictly on the self but on a much larger horizon.

Pub Date: Nov. 9, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-984877-92-5

Page Count: 432

Publisher: Penguin Press

Review Posted Online: Nov. 9, 2021

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Dec. 15, 2021

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