ANIMAL INSTINCTS

Natural and experimental examples expand a word to the dimensions of a concept: instinct is first defined—"behavior that is inborn and does not have to be learned"; then its properties are refined—the term is descriptive but not fully explanatory. Internal stimuli (hormones) function chemically to prepare for a given action, and external stimuli trigger the action by exploiting, in the case of courtship for instance, the animal's best-developed sense (sight, sound, smell). His relative position on the evolutionary scale is what dictates the extent to which his innate or inherited 'outline' is filled in by 'learned' details. Word and picture portraits of particular species balance theory with a variety of intricate instinct-controlled behaviors: in courting, reproduction, and family-raising; in migration—the urge (glandular), navigation (sun- or star-oriented), and claiming of territory ("Is Man Territorial?"). However, "Instinct is too inflexible to cope with every situation that may arise. . . . Many species have become extinct because they were unable to adjust to changes in their environment"—here, discussion of genes, DNA, and mutation (re natural selection). Would-be observers are offered projects-in-context for inducing and conditioning instinctive reactions; further-readers will find a list of books (including juveniles) and accessible magazine articles for additional, delimited investigation. The authors know How Animals Learn (1969)—human animals—and they foster a sense of discovery.

Pub Date: April 15, 1970

ISBN: 0823400018

Page Count: -

Publisher: Holiday House

Review Posted Online: Oct. 26, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 1970

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet

A lovely encouragement to young writers to persist.

HOW TO WRITE A STORY

This follow-up to How To Read a Story (2005) shows a child going through the steps of creating a story, from choosing an idea through sharing with friends.

A young black child lies in a grassy field writing in a journal, working on “Step 1 / Search for an Idea— / a shiny one.” During a walk to the library, various ideas float in colorful thought bubbles, with exclamation points: “playing soccer! / dogs!” Inside the library, less-distinct ideas, expressed as shapes and pictures, with question marks, float about as the writer collects ideas to choose from. The young writer must then choose a setting, a main character, and a problem for that protagonist. Plotting, writing with detail, and revising are described in child-friendly terms and shown visually, in the form of lists and notes on faux pieces of paper. Finally, the writer sits in the same field, in a new season, sharing the story with friends. The illustrations feature the child’s writing and drawing as well as images of imagined events from the book in progress bursting off the page. The child’s main character is an adventurous mermaid who looks just like the child, complete with afro-puff pigtails, representing an affirming message about writing oneself into the world. The child’s family, depicted as black, moves in the background of the setting, which is also populated by a multiracial cast.

A lovely encouragement to young writers to persist. (Informational picture book. 6-10)

Pub Date: July 7, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-4521-5666-8

Page Count: 36

Publisher: Chronicle Books

Review Posted Online: March 29, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 15, 2020

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet

Energetic enough to carry younger rocketeers off the launch pad if not into a very high orbit.

PROFESSOR ASTRO CAT'S SPACE ROCKETS

From the Professor Astro Cat series

The bubble-helmeted feline explains what rockets do and the role they have played in sending people (and animals) into space.

Addressing a somewhat younger audience than in previous outings (Professor Astro Cat’s Frontiers of Space, 2013, etc.), Astro Cat dispenses with all but a light shower of “factoroids” to describe how rockets work. A highly selective “History of Space Travel” follows—beginning with a crew of fruit flies sent aloft in 1947, later the dog Laika (her dismal fate left unmentioned), and the human Yuri Gagarin. Then it’s on to Apollo 11 in 1969; the space shuttles Discovery, Columbia, and Challenger (the fates of the latter two likewise elided); the promise of NASA’s next-gen Orion and the Space Launch System; and finally vague closing references to other rockets in the works for local tourism and, eventually, interstellar travel. In the illustrations the spacesuited professor, joined by a mouse and cat in similar dress, do little except float in space and point at things. Still, the art has a stylish retro look, and portraits of Sally Ride and Guion Bluford diversify an otherwise all-white, all-male astronaut corps posing heroically or riding blocky, geometric spacecraft across starry reaches.

Energetic enough to carry younger rocketeers off the launch pad if not into a very high orbit. (glossary) (Informational picture book. 6-8)

Pub Date: Sept. 4, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-911171-55-3

Page Count: 32

Publisher: Flying Eye Books

Review Posted Online: July 16, 2018

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 1, 2018

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet
more