Uneven, but pleasurable overall for the stimulation of being in the presence of a nimble mind.

FACING UP

SCIENCE AND ITS CULTURAL ADVERSARIES

In 23 previously published articles and miscellaneous speeches, which span 15 years, the Nobel Prize–winning particle physicist takes up arms against a sea of post-modernists, religionists, mystics, and even some liberal critics of modern science.

Weinberg’s congressional testimony during the lost battle to build the Superconducting Super Collider, the technology for which he argued might have moved physics beyond the “standard model” of quantum field theory toward a unified theory including gravity, touches on an oft-repeated theme. He believes that there is order in the universe, that physics has been successfully probing this as an external reality for at least 400 years, and that we are getting closer to the truth. Enter now the adversaries, chiefly cultural relativists, deconstructionists, and some philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science. Weinberg is particularly incisive in taking on the relativists, who believe that science is nothing but the elitist, authoritarian, and sexist reflection of a particular cultural milieu. On the contrary, he points out, physicists the world over speak the same language, adhere to the same precepts and paradigms. To skewer the deconstructionists, Weinberg makes good use of physicist Alan Sokal’s hoax article in the journal Social Text, noting that while Sokal perpetrated various howlers from his own field, he did not make up the incomprehensible quotes from such French intellectuals as Derrida and Lacan. In the final essays dealing with religion and utopias Weinberg is predictably more than skeptical; he goes so far as to say that “for good people to do evil—that takes religion.” Weinberg admits that as often as not scientists and their adversaries talk past each other, so do not expect reconciliation here. However, interspersed with the arguments, counterarguments, and rebuttals of adversaries are two quieter gems: a tour-de-force summary of 20th-century physics’ accomplishments and a brief description of the moment of inspiration for his development of the theory unifying the weak and electromagnetic force.

Uneven, but pleasurable overall for the stimulation of being in the presence of a nimble mind.

Pub Date: Oct. 1, 2001

ISBN: 0-674-00647-X

Page Count: 304

Publisher: Harvard Univ.

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 1, 2001

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A quirky wonder of a book.

WHY FISH DON'T EXIST

A STORY OF LOSS, LOVE, AND THE HIDDEN ORDER OF LIFE

A Peabody Award–winning NPR science reporter chronicles the life of a turn-of-the-century scientist and how her quest led to significant revelations about the meaning of order, chaos, and her own existence.

Miller began doing research on David Starr Jordan (1851-1931) to understand how he had managed to carry on after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake destroyed his work. A taxonomist who is credited with discovering “a full fifth of fish known to man in his day,” Jordan had amassed an unparalleled collection of ichthyological specimens. Gathering up all the fish he could save, Jordan sewed the nameplates that had been on the destroyed jars directly onto the fish. His perseverance intrigued the author, who also discusses the struggles she underwent after her affair with a woman ended a heterosexual relationship. Born into an upstate New York farm family, Jordan attended Cornell and then became an itinerant scholar and field researcher until he landed at Indiana University, where his first ichthyological collection was destroyed by lightning. In between this catastrophe and others involving family members’ deaths, he reconstructed his collection. Later, he was appointed as the founding president of Stanford, where he evolved into a Machiavellian figure who trampled on colleagues and sang the praises of eugenics. Miller concludes that Jordan displayed the characteristics of someone who relied on “positive illusions” to rebound from disaster and that his stand on eugenics came from a belief in “a divine hierarchy from bacteria to humans that point[ed]…toward better.” Considering recent research that negates biological hierarchies, the author then suggests that Jordan’s beloved taxonomic category—fish—does not exist. Part biography, part science report, and part meditation on how the chaos that caused Miller’s existential misery could also bring self-acceptance and a loving wife, this unique book is an ingenious celebration of diversity and the mysterious order that underlies all existence.

A quirky wonder of a book.

Pub Date: April 14, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-5011-6027-1

Page Count: 224

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

Review Posted Online: Jan. 2, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 1, 2020

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Jahren transcends both memoir and science writing in this literary fusion of both genres.

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LAB GIRL

Award-winning scientist Jahren (Geology and Geophysics/Univ. of Hawaii) delivers a personal memoir and a paean to the natural world.

The author’s father was a physics and earth science teacher who encouraged her play in the laboratory, and her mother was a student of English literature who nurtured her love of reading. Both of these early influences engrossingly combine in this adroit story of a dedication to science. Jahren’s journey from struggling student to struggling scientist has the narrative tension of a novel and characters she imbues with real depth. The heroes in this tale are the plants that the author studies, and throughout, she employs her facility with words to engage her readers. We learn much along the way—e.g., how the willow tree clones itself, the courage of a seed’s first root, the symbiotic relationship between trees and fungi, and the airborne signals used by trees in their ongoing war against insects. Trees are of key interest to Jahren, and at times she waxes poetic: “Each beginning is the end of a waiting. We are each given exactly one chance to be. Each of us is both impossible and inevitable. Every replete tree was first a seed that waited.” The author draws many parallels between her subjects and herself. This is her story, after all, and we are engaged beyond expectation as she relates her struggle in building and running laboratory after laboratory at the universities that have employed her. Present throughout is her lab partner, a disaffected genius named Bill, whom she recruited when she was a graduate student at Berkeley and with whom she’s worked ever since. The author’s tenacity, hope, and gratitude are all evident as she and Bill chase the sweetness of discovery in the face of the harsh economic realities of the research scientist.

Jahren transcends both memoir and science writing in this literary fusion of both genres.

Pub Date: April 5, 2016

ISBN: 978-1-101-87493-6

Page Count: 336

Publisher: Knopf

Review Posted Online: Jan. 5, 2016

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2016

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